I. VALMY (December 1791 to November 1792): The role of the armies on the north-eastern frontier. Famous men that served with them. Kellermann’s Armee du Centre. The Battle of Valmy.
II. Mayence (September 1792 to June 1793): Custine. His raid on Speyer, Mayence, and Frankfurt. Beurnoville’s march on Treves. Loss of Custine’s conquests.
III. DESAIX AND SAINT-CYR (June to October 1793): Alexandre de Beauharnais. Failure to relieve Mayence. Friendly rivalry of Desaix and Saint-Cyr. The “Rhin” driven back to Strasbourg.
IV. LANDAU (October 1793 to January 1794): Effect of the terror on the Armee du Rhin. Hoche and Pichegru. Failure at Kaiserslautern. Quarrels of the commanders. Relief of Landau.
V. LAST PHASE OF THE WAR OF DEFENCE ON THE NORTH-EASTERN FRONTIER (January to October 1794): End of rivalry between Hoche and Pichegru. The new chiefs, Michaud and Rene Moreaux. Saint-Cyr versus in 1794.
VI. FLEURUS (April to June 1794): The “Jourdan” group of future commanders, and their school. The campaign and victory of Fleurus.
VII. THE ADVANCE TO THE RHINE (July 1794 to February 1795): The results of Fleurus. Progress of Lefebvre, Bernadotte, Soult, and Ney. Sieges of Landrecies, Le Quesnoy, Valenciennes, and Conde. Battles of the Ourthe and of the Roer.
VIII. THE SIEGES OF LUXEMBOURG, MANNHEIM, AD MAYENCE (November 1794 to April 1795): Composition of the besieging armies. Formation of the “Rhin-et-Moselle”. Return of Pichegru.
IX. FIRST PHASE OF THE CAMPAIGN OF 1795 (April to October 1795): Jourdan crosses the Rhine and the Lahn. The line of neutrality. The “Rhine-et-Moselle” takes Mannheim. The campaign bungled by Pichegru. Kleber before Mayence. Retirement of the “Sambre-et-Meuse”.
X. CLAIRFAYT’S COUNTERSTROKE (October 1795 to January 1976): Defeat of the “Rhine-et-Moselle” at Mayence and loss of Mannheim. Pichegru retires to Landau. Criticism of Clairfayt, Jourdan, and Pichegru.
XI. THE TREACHERY OF PICHEGRU (December 1795 to May 1796): Situation of the armies. Pichegru’s negotiations with the Royalists. His probable intentions. He is succeeded by Moreau.
XII. FIRST PHASE OF THE CAMPAIGN OF 1796 (May to July 1796): Possibilities of the situation for the Austrians. Advance and retirement of Jourdan. Battle of Uckerath. The “Rhin-et-Moselle” crosses the Rhine
XIII. THE ADVANCE INTO GERMANY (June to August 1796): The “Sambre-et-Meuse” reaches Amberg. The Directory’s plan. Ney as an advance-guard leader.
XIV. THE STRATEGY OF ARCHDUKE CHARLES (August 1796): Battle of Neresheim. The Archduke evades Moreau. Turning-point of the campaign. Battle of the Lech.
XV. THE RETREAT OF JOURDAN (August and September 1796): The Archduke attacks Jourdan’s right. Retreat of the “Sambre-et-Meuse”. Insubordination of Kleber, Bernadotte, and Colaud. Battles of Wurzburg and of the Lahn. Registration of Jourdan. Death of Marceau.
XVI. THE RETREAT OF MOREAU (September 1796 to February 1797): Battle of Biberach. Choice of routes. The Archduke returns. Battle of the Elz. Sieges of Kehl and Huningue. Criticism of the commanders.
XVII. THE CAMPAIGNS OF 1797 (Jnuary to September 1797): The detachement for Italy. Hoche in command of the “Sambre-et-Meuse”. Both armies cross the Rhine. The Armistice. Coup d’etat of Fructidor. Death of Hoche. Amalgamation of the Armies.
LIST OF MAPS:
1. The Austro-Prussian Invasion , Aug-Sept. 1792.
2. Operations, 1792-97.
3. Campaigns of July and December 1793 for the relief of Landau.
4. 1794 Campaign of the “Sambre-et-Meuse”.
5. Fleurus, June 26, 1794.
6. Neresheim, 11th August 1796.
ARMIES OF THE FIRST FRENCH REPUBLIC AND THE RISE OF THE MARSHALS OF NAPOLEON I VOLUME II: The Armees de la Moselle, du Rhin, de Sambre-et-Meuse, de Rhin-et-Moselle
Monumental cornerstone work on the Revolutionary/Napoleonic Army & its commanders. This is a thoroughly documented work of immense scholarship, it is also the treatise of an experienced and seasoned military man, whose criticism of strategy and tactics is always intelligent and to the point, so that he contributes something new to the campaigns with which he deals with even though his main interest in them is with the careers of the future marshals.
The French field armies of the Revolutionary Wars (1793–1800) formed the military education of the future marshals. Phipps called these revolutionary armies the Schools for Marshals.