Although little known in this country, Maximilian von Browne is counted among the finest soldiers of the old Imperial Austrian Army. As the present biography sets out to show, he was outstanding in his time for his vigourous conduct of war, and his extremely advanced idea of leadership and responsibility. Few commanders have taken so literally the phrase ‘to share the hardships of his men’. A son of that generation of Irishmen who fled from a penal regime to take service in Catholic Europe, Browne rose in the Army of the Empress Maria Theresa. In 1746, he could take the greater part of the credit for driving the French and Spanish forces from Italy, and in the next year he carried the war onto French soil by a celebrated invasion of Provence. Following an interval of peacetime, though far from uneventful, administration in the Imperial provinces, Browne checked and outwitted Frederick of Prussia in the first campaign of the Seven Years War. Already in the grip of a mortal illness, Browne was taken unawares when the Prussians resumed the attack in 1757, and of May 6 of that year he received a last wound, among his grenadiers on the field of Prague. The Wild Goose and the Eagle is founded on a thorough investigation of the Viennese archives and of the terrain of the Marshal’s battles. It explores not just the life of a single commander, but the warfare of an age which holds many lessons for the present century.
WILD GOOSE AND THE EAGLE A Life of Marshal von Browne 1705-1757
A biography of a soldier whose origins are in the Wild Geese – soldiers who left Ireland in the aftermath of the accession of William of Orange to the English throne and who’s military career covered a wide area – service against Frederick II of Prussia in the first Silesian War, then in Italy, including campaigning in the Po and down towards Naples, an abortive though impressive invasion of France. He fought Frederick again at Lobositz, made strenuous efforts to rescue the Saxons trapped at Prina and finally at the battle of Prague, where, subordinated to the rather ineffectual prince Charles of Lorraine, he nearly saved the day against Frederick’s outflanking attack. While leading a bayonet charge at the Battle of Prague, von Browne met his death. He was carried mortally wounded into Prague, and there died on the 26th of June