Norfolk’s status, in mediaeval times, as one of England’s wealthiest and most populous counties, is reflected in the variety of defensible structures crowding its landscape. Vulnerable to invasion across the North Sea, by Romans and Vikings, the Spanish Armada and Napoleon, and in more recent times, Norfolk has always defended its coastline. Features in Norfolk of two world wars, were renewed anti-invasion defences, the evolution of military flight, the Navy’s safeguarding of shipping, air-defence measures, the training of troops and airmen, and the provision of a platform for retaliatory bombing. Through its defensive screen of radar and antiaircraft missiles, and elements of Britain’s nuclear deterrent, Norfolk was placed in the front line of the Cold War.
DEFENDING NORFOLK The Military Landscape from Prehistory to the Present
Norfolk’s landscape is littered with evidence of military activity: Iron-age and Roman forts; mediaeval castles, fortified manors and abbeys; moats and town-walls; pillboxes, antitank obstacles, coast artillery batteries and trench systems; airfields and radar sites; Cold War bunkers and missile sites. This book describes these monuments, placing them within their social, historical, political and military contexts.