I. SCOPE OF THIS WORK.
II. TRANSFORMATION OF THE ARMY OF THE MONARCHY INTO THAT OF THE REPUBLIC.
III. THE “AMALGAME”.
IV. THE FUTURE MARSHALS CLASSIFIED
V. DECEMBER 1791 TO MAY 1792. Famous names associated with this army. The group of armies covered by the term “Nord”. Rochambeau, Lafayette, Luckner and Dumouriez. Colonel Berthier and Captain Mortier in the first engagements.
VI. MAY TO AUGUST 1792: Luckner in command. The great value set on Berthier as a staff officer. Influence of the political situation on the armies. The Chasse-croise. Lafayette’s action against the Assembly and his failure.
VII. AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER 1792: The Valmy Campaign. Daring of Dumouriez. His nervous army saved by the regular troops of the Armee du Centre. Kellermann.
VIII. SEPTEMBER TO DECEMBER 1792: Retreat to Brunswick. Dumouriez’s invasion of Belgium and victory at Jemappes. Lieut. Murat writes home: prospects and family affection.
IX. JANUARY TO APRIL 1793: The French invasion of Holland interrupted by the Allies’ advance. The Neerwinden campaign and loss of Belgium. Failure of Dumouriez’s attempted coup d’etat. Lieut.-Colonel Davout’s decisive action. Dillemas of Colonel Macdonald.
X. April to July 1793: The Representatives with the armies take control. Loss of Famars and Valenciennes. Difficulties and death of Dampierre. Custine’s discipline and popularity with the army. His trial and execution. Captain Murat’s run of promotion. Colonel Macdonald denounced.
XI. JULY AND AUGUST 1793: The Allies attack the Camp de Cesar and Kilmaine withdraws. Houchard in command: moves to relieve Dunkirk, besieged by the Allies. Tribulations of Liut. Ney. Davout and the spies. Evil and mysterious influence of General Brune. Captain Bernadotte.
XII. AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER 1793: The Hondschoote campaign and relief of Dunkirk. Important share of General Jourdan in the victory. Loss of Menin and Le Quesnoy. Houchard tried and guillotined.
XIII. SEPTEMBER 1793 TO JANUARY 1794: Jourdan’s rise to the command of the “Nord”: his advantages and limitations. Campaign and victory of Wattignies. Lieut-Colonel Mortier wounded. The “Carnot legend” of Wattgnies. Macdonald again denounced, but saved by Souham. Dismissal of Jourdan.
XIV. JANUARY TO MAY 1794: Pichegru in command. Rise of Moreau and Vandamme. Colonel Bernadotte refuses promotion. General Souham and Macdonald at the taking of Menin.
XV. MAY AND JUNE 1794: Battle of Tourcoing won by the French under Souham. Moreau’s risk. Indecisive battle of Port-a-Chin or Tournai. Siege of Ypres and gallantry of Macdonald’s brigade.
XVI. JUNE 1794 TO APRIL 1795: The Co-operation of the “Sambre-et-Meuse” enables the “Nord” to advance. Conquest of Belgium and Holland. Moreau’s successful sieges. Retreat of the Allies.
XVII. APRIL 1795 TO OCTOBER 1797: Moreau in command. Lieut.-Colonel Murat’s troubles. End of the “Nord’s” campaigns. Beurnonville succeeds Moreau. General Grouchy and his chances of high command. General Macdonald ill with fever. The “Nord” as a training ground for Generals.
1. Operations in the Argonne.
2. Operations in Holland.
3. Operations in Northern France and Belgium.
4. operations in Flanders
ARMIES OF THE FIRST FRENCH REPUBLIC AND THE RISE OF THE MARSHALS OF NAPOLEON I VOLUME I: The Armee du Nord
Monumental cornerstone work on the Revolutionary/Napoleonic Army & its commanders. This is a thoroughly documented work of immense scholarship, it is also the treatise of an experienced and seasoned military man, whose criticism of strategy and tactics is always intelligent and to the point, so that he contributes something new to the campaigns with which he deals with even though his main interest in them is with the careers of the future marshals.
The French field armies of the Revolutionary Wars (1793–1800) formed the military education of the future marshals. Phipps called these revolutionary armies the Schools for Marshals.
The end of 1799 may be conveniently taken as the dividing point between the Revolutionary and Napoleonic phases of the conflict, since in that year the consulate of Napoleon Bonaparte was established.